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Office of Coal Controller (earlier Coal Commissioner), established in 1916, is one of the oldest office in Indian Coal sector. Main aim behind setting up this office was to have Government control to adequately meet the coal requirement during First World War. Acute scarcity of coal necessitated promulgation of Colliery Control Order, 1944 for effective control on production, distribution and pricing of coal. Subsequently, it was revised by a more comprehensive order in 1945. Later in 1996, distribution and pricing of coal was deregulated. Therefore, Colliery Control Order, 2000 superseded the previous order. As a result, functions of Coal Controller’s Office remained more or less same except for the work of distribution and allotment of coal.
Functions of Coal Controller’s Organisation are listed as below-
Under Colliery Control Order, 2000 (Now Colliery Control Rules, 2004)–
Under Coal Mines (Conservation & Development) Act, 1974 and Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Amendment Rules, 2011-
- Ensuring the conservation of coal resources: Stowing of UG mines.
- Undertaking the development of coal mines in a scientific manner.
- Undertaking research in relation to conservation of coal, development of coal mines and utilization of coal.
- Protective works including blanketing with incombustible material, N2&CO2 flushing, filling up of subsided areas, cutting of trenches etc.
- infrastructure development in coalfields.
Under Collection of Statistics Act, 1953-
Under Coal Bearing Area (Acquisition and Development Act, 1957-
Coal Controller is the competent authority under this act to hear any objection to the Central Government’s Notification relating to acquisition of coal bearing land and to furnish his reports to Central Govt.
Under the Coking Coal Mines (Nationalisation) act, 1972 and the Non-coking Coal Mines (Nationalisation) Act, 1973